1) Fed will loan funds for purchase of recently issued ABS. This was clarified to mean ABS issued after January 1, 2009 made up of loans no older than October 2007. The ABS must be rated AAA, and be made up of student loans, auto loans, small business loans, or credit cards.
2) Loans will be non-recourse and not marked-to-market. The borrower will not have to deal with margin calls due to price declines.
3) The loan term will be up to 3-years, originally was only 1 year. That is extremely positive for the potential success of this program. See below.
4) The loan rate will be set at “yield spreads higher than in more normal market conditions but lower than in the highly illiquid market conditions that have prevailed during the recent credit market turmoil.” In other words, lower than the rate paid on the asset.
So what has the Fed done here? Created an easy arbitrage. All investors have to do is do accurate credit work, and this is a guaranteed profit. Note that the 3-year term seals this thing. 3-years is basically the entire life span of most eligible collateral, so it eliminates the last thing an investor needed to worry about. Given a 1-year term, investors would have worried that the end of 1-year, new financing might not be available. But by the end of 3-years, the asset will be all but gone.
Also through this facility, the Fed can really control consumer lending rates. The rate on newly issued AAA ABS will be stuck at a level slightly higher than the Fed’s lending rate. Banks which are currently hoarding cash will fall over themselves to buy ABS and pledge them into this facility.
Now don’t read this as especially bullish for the overall economy. I still see this as a facility intended to aide in quantitative easing, and not a “fix” for the recession. Or put another way, a means of preventing the economy from getting still worse. But as far as ABS go? Should get that market rolling again.