Did Dell Overpay for Perot Systems?

We do have a major acquisition on the books. Dell buying Perot Systems in an all-cash deal at a 68% premium over Friday, and that’s why Perot is shooting way up in so this, it’s fair to say, will be a huge gainer in today’s action. The way it will work out, again, $30 a share in cash, Perot, IT services company, essentially will become Dell’s services unit, and the CEO of Perot steps in to head up that unit within Dell. Ross Perot Jr. who is Ross Perot’s son, of course, will probably take up a seat on the Dell board. Well, he will be considered for a place on the Dell board.” — Fox Business Network 9/21/2009

One of the biggest finance stories for Monday was the announcement by Dell (NASDAQ:DELL) who will buy Perot Systems (NYSE:PER) for a substantial premium. The deal should provide Dell with a more relevant IT services division and the combined entity will claim about $8 billion in services revenue. This proposed merger follows the example of Hewlett-Packard (NYSE:HPQ) who bought EDS (originally a Ross Perot Sr. outfit) earlier this year, as a way to accelerate their growth in services. Dell has said that the all cash $3.9 billion, $30 per share acquisition will be accretive to earnings by 2012.

There is little doubt that the deal puts Dell in more direct competition with HP and IBM (NYSE:IBM) for lucrative services contracts, which will help diversify Dell’s businesses away from hardware. Margins for hardware-makers have been in decline for years and IT services is a very profitable and expanding market. In Perot, Dell is instantly gaining market share in healthcare IT services, which is the source of nearly half of Perot’s revenue. President Obama has stated that modernizing medical records will be an emphasis of his administration, and Dell/Perot would stand to benefit from any such efforts.

The concern we have is that Dell paid a steep price for the acquisition. The 68% premium over Friday’s close is massive, and we will never know if Dell could have bought Perot for less. We had rated Perot Systems as Undervalued as of last Friday’s price, as PER was selling for well below its historically normal ranges of price-to-cash earnings and price-to-sales. However, we think Dell might have been able to buy Perot perhaps for 10% less, and shareholders would have been more than pleased. Over the last year, Perot’s revenue fell by 8% in its healthcare division and 21% in its commercial division. Analysts are expecting Perot Systems revenue to shrink 9% for the year, but improving margins are expected to lift earnings by 2%. The proposed deal awards Perot a multiple of nearly 29x fiscal 2010 earnings, which is a very rich valuation in any market.

We believe that this deal does make since for Dell strategically, as Wall Street has hammered them on declining profit margins from their laptop and server businesses. However, we think that the price is a bit too high, especially considering Dell management only forecasts cost savings of 6%-8%. It just goes to show you how badly Dell wanted to grab a bigger piece of the IT services market, and they are willing to pay for it. Dell still have about $8 billion in cash on hand, and their CEO has not been shy about saying they will look for more opportunities down the road, but the rich valuation paid on this one could somewhat limit its ability to negotiate on any further purchases.

Did Dell Overpay for Perot Systems?

About Ockham Research 645 Articles

Ockham Research is an independent equity research provider based in Atlanta, Georgia. Security analysis at Ockham Research is based upon the principle known as Ockham's Razor, named for the 14th- century Franciscan friar, William of Ockham. The principle states that a useful theory should utilize as few elements as possible, because efficiency is valuable. In this spirit, our goal is to make the investing environment as simple and understandable as possible, yet no simpler than is necessary.

We utilize this straightforward approach to value over 5500 securities, with key emphasis given to the study of individual securities' price-to-sales, price-to-cash earnings and other historical valuation ranges. Our long term value investing methodology is powered by the teachings of Ben Graham and it has proven to be very adept at identifying stock prices that are out of line with fundamental factors.

Ockham Research provides its research in a variety of forms and products including our company specific reports, portfolio analytics tools, newsletters, and blog posts. We also offer a white labeling research solution that can give any financial services firm their own research presence without the time and cost associated with building such a robust coverage universe of their own.

4 Comments on Did Dell Overpay for Perot Systems?

  1. Really going to be a great deal for the Dell in future.I dont think that Dell has Overpaid. Perotsystems is a good reputed firm in U.S and in India also,having its well versed branches in 4 cities in India.So finally i will call it a great deal from the point of view of both the Cos.


  2. I have been an employee of Perot Systems. Now i am happy since Perot Systems being acquired by Dell. Since i joined in Perot Systems, my salary scale have been in very low level and too inadequate in between necessary products price hike. We trust Dell would help us with good hike for year 2010. Its not only my trust, it’s trust of all employees of Dell.

  3. As RAM said our salary is very insufficient compare to price hike in necessary goods. We expect good hike will be in this APRIL. Thank you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.